**Category:**

Research Papers

**Sub-Category:**

Relativity Theory

**Date Published:**

September 22, 2023

**Keywords:**

Gravitational Redshift; Classical Field Theory, Gravitation and Electromagnetism, General Relativity, GEONs

**Abstract:**

The foundation for the Theory of General Relativity is the Riemannian Mathematics for curved 4-dimensional Manifolds. Based on this mathematics Einstein predicted correctly the deflection of light by the gravitational field of the sun, observed in the Eddington Experiment in 1919 during a total solar eclipse.
In theoretical physics, the problem of time is a conceptual conflict between general relativity and quantum mechanics. Quantum mechanics regards the flow of time as universal and absolute, whereas general relativity regards the flow of time as malleable and relative.
The theory of General Relativity correctly does not predict an increase or decrease of the speed of light within a gravitational field. Because within the (gravitational) curvature of space and time, the intervals for the space coordinates and time coordinate do not change. Only the direction of the beam of light has been changed, following the (by a gravitational field caused) curved space-time path. For this reason the Theory of General Relativity predicts a constant value for the frequency of the light following a curved space-time path [37], [41]. Because the time intervals and the space interval do not change within the curvature of space and time [49]. A straight line being transformed into a circle does not get shorter or longer. Only the Lorentz time-dilation and the Lorentz space contraction have to be taken into account.

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